In Ayurveda, all bodily functions and parts of the body are believed to be composed of five basic elements of the Earth, Fire, Space, Water, and Air. These five elements interact with each other to result in three predominant physical energy forms called The Doshas.
How five basic elements combine to form the three basic physical energies. Panchmahabhutas and Tridoshas.
Every individual would have all three Doshas present in their most balanced state. However, the proportion of these Doshas varies from one individual to another making every person unique. Your Dosha would determine how your body would respond to various internal and external factors such as environment, food, and situations that it is exposed to on a daily basis. The most dominant proportion is generally described to guide a person’s Dosha, for example one can be described as “Pitta” Dosha if they have Pitta Dosha say at 55%, while Vata at 30% and Kapha at 15%.
The most natural composition of a person’s guiding physical energies is their innate nature, or potential or”Prakruti”. A person’s Prakruti is highly dependent on their parent’s Prakruti and can also be described as the basic constituent of all three Doshas, when he/she was born.
Since Doshas are dynamic energies guiding the functioning of our body and mind, the proportion keeps on changing. At any specific time, the proportion of a person’s Doshas is known as “Vikruti”. An imbalance in Doshas can result into large gaps between their present state Dosha composition, which is “Vikruti” and their innate nature, which is “Prakruti”. This is also the “ill” state of body and mind.
Ayurveda’s healing philosophy is based on maintaining your innate nature or balance of Dosha’s. Hence, the way of life, which would further translate into activities, environment, and food intake is defined for different “Doshas”, would help one to achieve their balanced state. This is also the happy state of body and mind.
Identifying your Dosha or body type leads to a deeper understanding of how your body is structured and hence find ways to maintain your best state of health. The link below provides a detailed list of questions to identify the governing Dosha’s as per your mental and physical set-up.
Dosha Identification Questionnaire
Once Dosha is identified, your specific characteristics can be effectively utilized. In the posts to follow, we will share more information specific to each Dosha and provide details on how to effectively utilize the characteristics to heal quickly and to maintain the best state of mind and your well being.
Human life cycle and the three Doshas
As Kapha Dosha manifests itself as the potential state and hence storing energy in body. In Ayurveda, it is believed that Kapha Dosha guides development from birth to adulthood (16 -18 years). It is responsible for our physical development as well as in mental growth guiding our maturity levels.
During adulthood (16-45 years), Pitta Dosha guides the functioning and development of our body and mind. Pitta Dosha is known to maintain the balance between motion and static.
Vata Dosha represents motion and is responsible for the release of energy. From 45-50 years onward, Vata Dosha dominates the functioning of our body and guides our physical and mental responses.